Autism in a child

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Autism in a child

Every year, the number of children diagnosed with autism increases. The causes of the development of the disorder have not yet been identified. Current research suggests only possible causes that have influenced the development of autism in a child:

  • Age of the parents. The older the parents, the more likely they are.
  • Genetics. If there are people with autism in the family.
  • Diseases transmitted by the mother during pregnancy: measles, rubella, smallpox.
  • Chemical exposure to medical preparations.

Factors that can trigger the development of autism:

  • Cerebral palsy;
  • Hormone Failure;
  • Birth injuries;
  • Traumatic brain injuries;
  • Viral and bacterial infections;
  • Some powerful medications.

It is better to start treating autism at a very early age, when it has just begun to manifest itself. In adolescence, treatment is more difficult. If the first child in the family has autism, then the probability of having the next one with a diagnosis of autism is 20%.

Symptoms of autism

  • The child does not make eye contact.
  • Doesn’t talk much.
  • Loves solitude.
  • It reacts nervously to touch.
  • Loud noises are scary.
  • It can be hyperactive or passive.
  • There is no sense of danger or fear.

Diagnosis of the disease

The earlier treatment for autism is prescribed, the easier it will be for a person to adapt to modern society.

Diagnostic methods:

  • EEG is the main method of early detection of neurological pathologies. An electroencephalogram of the brain (EEG) allows you to establish or refute the diagnosis of “epilepsy”.
  • Ultrasound of the brain. Allows you to identify abnormalities in brain development.
  • Consultation with an otolaryngologist. A specialist checks your hearing.

Treatment of autism in children

A child diagnosed with autism is not like everyone else. This should be understood by relatives. Experienced doctors will help your child adapt to the world around them faster.

Autism is treated in stages:

  • Stage 1. Ability to communicate with others.
  • Stage 2. Speech development.
  • Stage 3. Observation. Analysis of development dynamics.
  • Stage 4. Elimination of aggression and phobias.
  • Stage 5. Establishing emotional contact.

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