Companion for Mental Disorders

Vagus nerve stimulation or VNS therapy

Vagus nerve stimulation or VNS therapy is a technique used to treat epilepsy. Mild impulses of electric current are under control, due to their effect on the body, seizures of epilepsy decrease in intensity, and sometimes completely stop. Seizures occur less frequently and are more easily tolerated by the patient.   The vagus nerve is the “conduit” that connects…
Read more

Convulsions in newborns

There are 4 to 12 cases of seizures per thousand babies. The nervous system of a newborn baby functions at the spinal and brainstem levels. In this case, cortical neurons are fully formed. However, cytoplasmic and membrane differentiation in nerve cells is not yet expressed. In addition, the process of dendrite formation has not been completed, and there is…
Read more

EEG video monitoring day and night: in what cases it is prescribed

Night EEG monitoring is prescribed by a neurologist in cases when seizures occur only at night or the patient cannot fall asleep during the day. Carrying out a diagnostic study is relevant if differential diagnosis of an epileptic convulsive state is required, which cannot be determined by another method.   Application of the electroencelograph in neurology The electroencephalograph is used in…
Read more

Pregnancy and epilepsy: seizures and how to minimize them

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases diagnosed among women of childbearing age. In the United States of America, over a million women have been reported with reproductive epilepsy. More than 24,000 children with the same diagnosis are born in perinatal centers every year, namely, up to five children per thousand births. Pregnant women with epilepsy…
Read more

EEG rhythms – designation and interpretation

EEG rhythms are diagnosed electrical vibrations in the brain. Various degrees of wakefulness are accompanied by changes in the frequency spectrum of EEG signals. Depending on the amplitude, waveform, topography, frequency range and type of reaction, the rhythms of electroencephalography are distinguished. The main EEG rhythms are denoted by Greek letters: ἄλφ α (alpha); β ήτ α (beta); γάμμ α…
Read more

Hereditary epilepsy

Some forms of epilepsy are inherited. The risk of having a sick child in a woman with epilepsy depends on the form of the disease.  Hereditary (genetic) forms give a 7% risk of developing any form of epilepsy in offspring. At what age you can expect the onset of hereditary forms of epilepsy, we describe in the…
Read more

Is epilepsy in children treated?

Epilepsy is a neurological pathology of a chronic nature. With her, the body is prone to convulsive seizures of various strengths.  A typical manifestation of the disease is periodic situations during which muscle cramps develop into a seizure with loss of consciousness. The child’s brain activity is normalized by pills Pronounced seizures are considered an extremely…
Read more

Epilepsy in infants: symptoms of seizures up to a year

Epilepsy in infants can be associated with a hereditary predisposition or intrauterine developmental problems. With the right therapy, remission is possible. Etiology of the disease Epilepsy in newborns can occur for the following reasons: Heredity. According to statistics, if both parents are sick, then the child will be born with pathology in 90% of cases. If only one…
Read more

Age and epilepsy

More often, epileptic seizures begin in childhood – from birth to 15 years. These are usually genetic forms of epilepsy. Hereditarily determined forms have a more favorable prognosis for recovery, and respond well to antiepileptic drug therapy.  There are also some forms of epilepsy that can be left untreated under certain conditions. An example is Self-limiting childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal adhesions…
Read more

First episode of epilepsy

The first seizure of epilepsy cannot always be considered by epileptologists as the debut of epilepsy. Many different diseases lead to the development of a condition similar to the first episode of epilepsy.    Let us examine the most common options that occur at a neurologist’s appointment when patients are treated with an episode similar to epilepsy. According to statistics, a single epileptic…
Read more