Causes of Epilepsy
Epilepsy is seen as a complication of a serious brain disease. Although not always. Any kind of brain disease can cause epilepsy, but not every person suffering from one brain disease will further suffer from epilepsy.
Causes of Epilepsy
– in many cases, the causes of epilepsy remain unclear. In this situation, it is generally accepted that the cause of epilepsy is an imbalance in any specific brain chemicals. It is precisely because of the imbalance that the threshold of seizures can develop too low.
– The causes of epilepsy in childhood and adolescence are either not established or have a genetic basis. The greater the patient’s age, the more likely it is that epilepsy develops due to a severe brain disease.
– The cause of human epilepsy of any age can be damage or infection of the brain.
– seizures of epilepsy can be triggered by a fever. About four percent of children with a febrile state develop epilepsy later on.
Causes of epilepsy in newborns and in the first months of life
– Congenital disorders in the development of the brain most often become the causes of the development of epilepsy. In such a situation, it is usually difficult to diagnose disorders of the structure of the brain and partial sclerosis. In this case, the neurosurgeon must determine in which specific area the violation occurred.
– The cause of epilepsy is ischemic encephalopathy of hypoxic origin. Most often, it is this disease that causes epilepsy seizures in newly born babies. In this case, asphyxia can be observed, in which necrosis and damage to the white substance of the brain are observed.
– In premature newborns, cerebral hemorrhage may be the cause of epilepsy.
Hereditary Causes of Epilepsy
The causes of epilepsy related to genetic heredity, there are more than two hundred. Disturbances of genes entail structural mutations (sclerosis and fibromatosis), metabolic disturbances, or a combination of neurogenital syndromes. The principle of development of the latter in relation to the occurrence of epilepsy has been studied very little.
Causes of Epilepsy Infectious
At least three percent of all cases of epilepsy develop due to a bacterial or viral infection, for example, mumps or syphilis, toxoplasmosis or cytomegaloviruses.
Age-related epilepsy most often occurs due to bacterial meningitis.
In inflammatory processes of the brain, the nasal cavity, middle ear or blood can become infected. A common complication of brain inflammation is focal epilepsy.
The risk of developing epilepsy in adulthood increases with the herpes simplex virus, which can affect all parts of the brain except its temporal lobe. The likelihood of epilepsy is greater than with bacterial meningitis.
After a brain injury, the likelihood of developing an epileptic state increases. Epilepsy is caused by the degree of head injury. When conducting prophylaxis with anticonvulsant drugs, no improvement is observed.
Malignant neoplasms of the brain rarely cause epilepsy, but with epilepsy they are often found during diagnosis. The risk of a link between epilepsy and brain neoplasms increases in elderly patients.