Infant, current issues
Much in a child’s health depends on the first days of the first year of his life. At this time, all organs and systems are actively developing. At this time, the parents get used to the child, and the child gets to know the parents. Some habits and algorithms of behavior and relationships appear.
It is important that these algorithms are correct for the health of the baby. Having got used to observing the algorithms of medical safety in the first year of life, having studied them, parents will be able to protect the health of their child for many years to come. This can be compared to the rules of the road – by learning what a red traffic light means and what a green light allows, we minimize the risk of being hit by a car. If you do everything right in the first year of life, you can minimize the risk of suffering for the child, both at this time and in the future, from skin, gastroenterological, allergic, orthopedic and many other diseases.
There is nothing difficult in caring for a child. Everything in this matter is absolutely logical. You should never follow any recommendations if they are not supported by a clear, detailed explanation that you understand.
In caring for a child, it is important not to follow the postulates, but to take logical, consistent actions. It is extremely harmful to rush from one recommendation to another, to change one fashion tendency for another no less fashionable one.
The first days of life
What kind of water should I give my child? Better, of course, the nursery, but if it is not there, then boiled. Baby water does not need to be boiled. You give water in an ordinary sterile bottle, from which you will give the mixture in the future. It is better to use only rigid nipples on the bottle so that the baby does not abandon the breast.
One of the most pressing questions of the first days and months of life is why is the child crying? And the first thing that comes to mind is hunger. But it is not always the case. There are several reasons for the crying of a child: something hurts, you want to eat, you need to swaddle, you want to be in your arms, you want to change your position, and it’s just boring (it means you need to entertain the child). If you have reviewed all the reasons and understand that you cannot cope, then contact your doctor.
Children’s skin makes up a large percentage of the body surface, much more than that of an adult, i.e. the ratio of volume to body surface in a child is greater, which means that the evaporation of liquid through the skin will be much greater than that of an adult. Therefore, the baby’s skin dries much faster. The child will adapt to new conditions, “acclimatize”. The skin will adapt, on which rashes may appear, which will be a reaction to the environment: to diapers, bacteria and viruses.
The cause of the rash may be harmless, and the rash will go away on its own (if that’s the only complaint). And the algorithm of actions in the event that the child has something on the skin, but there is nothing else (no temperature, no pain, no crying, no changes in stool, etc.), such. Look after your child calmly during the week. If rashes appear in the absence of other complaints, then until the doctor comes, you can use cosmetic creams. For example, any baby cream containing vitamins A and E, because vitamin A promotes accelerated healing of various microcracks, micro-wounds on the skin, and vitamin E contributes to the fact that additional protective mechanisms appear faster in the skin.
Due to the fact that the child has very delicate skin, it is important not to dry it out. But many make the following mistake – they begin to bathe the child vigorously in herbs, in water, in water and soap. It’s best not to do this because all of these options dry out your baby’s skin. After bathing, blot the baby with a towel (do not wipe, do not rub).
If you covered the rash with something, knocked down the temperature half an hour before the doctor’s arrival, then you very much complicated the doctor’s task of making the correct diagnosis. So, to prescribe the right treatment. That is, you did not help your child, because prevented the doctor from seeing the full picture of the disease. Therefore, if your child has rashes, try not to smear them with anything coloring or hormonal until the doctor arrives.
Parents often use boiled water for bathing. It’s not obligatory. It is quite enough just to wash well the container in which you are going to bathe the baby. If this is a large family-wide bathtub, then you wash it properly, you can even use a detergent, but after that you definitely need to rinse it off thoroughly. If this is a baby bath, then once after buying it you need to wash it well, and then you can wash it only with soap (after all, only the child is bathed in it), and not wash your father’s socks.
Do I need to protect the child’s mouth so that he does not swallow potassium permanganate? Of course. This is a serious thing. It is even worse when children begin to swallow herbs in which they are carefully bathed. First, the child swallows herbs, and then “it is not clear why” he develops atopic dermatitis. From herbs, of course. The algorithm is the same as the previously considered algorithm with early introduction of the mixture. The pancreas is absolutely not going to digest either the sequence or anything else. The body perceives the grass as a foreign agent that must be digested, and if it does not work, which is natural, then with which it must be fought. As for the potassium permanganate. It sterilizes the entire intestine and dysbiosis can occur. But dysbiosis is safer than suppuration of the umbilical wound and subsequent omphalitis. Therefore, potassium permanganate in the first weeks is necessary.
And here we are faced with the question “how not to overdo it in the fight against microbes for purity and sterility?” You took the pacifier, sterilized it, put it in the baby’s mouth – that’s it, consider that it is no longer sterile. Therefore, if you are going to sterilize something, then that is good. But when in a month or two you get tired of it, it will also be good and not scary. You gradually introduce the child into our dirty world and introduce them to microbes.
Vaccinations, introducing complementary foods, hardening, bathing, getting to know the mud – it’s all training. Initially, the child was in a sterile environment (ideally), in his mother, then he gets into a non-sterile environment, even in the rodblock, because all the same there everyone walks, sneezes, breathes, and there are always bacteria on the skin. Those. the child gets into a dirty environment, and then the amount of this dirt increases. Your home, your hands are full of germs. Therefore, you are trying to maintain good hygiene. Then it starts to bore you, and then the child starts to get bored, and then the mother does not have the strength to wash the nipple, etc. The main thing is for it to happen smoothly. After all, it all ends with crawling on the floor and stuffing very dirty fingers into your mouth. And before this inevitable process, training is very important.