Convulsive seizures develop on the basis of a strong degree of excitation of nerve cells in the brain. Typically, these nerve cells form a cluster in any area of the brain. It is possible to establish the localization of the cluster using electroencephalography studies and by characteristic manifestations, for example, features of seizures, the presence or absence of special sensations before the attack.
In fact, convulsive seizures are epilepsy, a brain disease that manifests itself in bouts of seizures. Convulsive seizures can occur for various reasons:
– traumatic convulsive seizures that occur after brain damage;
– diencephalic convulsive seizures;
– infectious seizures that occur after infection.
Doctors believe that certain types of epilepsy may be due to genetic inheritance. In the case when the etiological factors remain unknown, they speak of epilepsy of primary origin.
Symptoms of seizures may vary in intensity and duration. That is, convulsive seizures can be considered as short attacks of pain in the abdomen while maintaining consciousness, and prolonged loss of consciousness.
Convulsive seizures are distinguished into partial and general. Convulsions may be present or absent in each species. Partial convulsive seizures can occur in a swooning state or without loss of consciousness. In this case, convulsions can only fetter an arm or leg, or spread over the entire body from a limb. General convulsive seizures are distinguished by the indispensable fainting, seizure of seizures of half the body.
Seizures are a major manifestation of epilepsy related to general seizures. Its clinical symptoms are extremely specific. Literally an instant before the seizure, specific sensations arise, changes in perception in the form of some kind of extraneous aroma, noise or taste. In some cases, there are visual images and changes in sensations in the body. As a rule, in one person suffering from convulsive seizures, the sensations before the attack are the same, that is, by their occurrence it can be judged that the attack will begin soon.
For the occurrence of specific sensations, fainting and convulsions follow. In the beginning, cramps are characterized by a strong tension in the muscle mass of the whole body. After this, there is a regular contraction of the muscles of the limbs, a feeling of tremors in the body. Usually, due to seizures of all, including the respiratory muscles, a transient stop of the respiratory process is observed. Patients bite their tongue, in some cases, uncontrolled urination is observed. The completion of a seizure is characterized by a cessation of seizures. After the cessation of seizures, the patient falls asleep. When waking up, he is not able to recall what happened to him. Sometimes sleep does not come after an attack, on the contrary, excitement and inability to calm down are noted.
Treatment of convulsive seizures should be started as early as possible, since from this time you can still anticipate the development of the disease and changes in the psyche. Immediately after the first convulsive seizure, it is necessary to do electroencephalography in order to diagnose the etiological factors of epilepsy and establish the location of the accumulation of nerve cells. Treatment is always individual and a set of measures is selected over time. Medicines for seizures are taken for a long time and are not caused by the regularity of seizures. Drugs are canceled only after three years of complete absence of convulsive seizures.